Tapping into the trove of standardized EMS records 

Tapping into the trove of standardized EMS records 

Accurate-time perception into population health traits at the community stage is seemingly to be evolved by access to detailed and timely emergency scientific response records, which is underutilized, acknowledged consultants at HIMSS24 in Orlando this previous week.

That’s often as a consequence of challenges with records quality and a lack of interoperability with teach health recordsdata exchanges and other recordsdata methods, they explained, as they sought to encourage collaboration to extend interoperability and enhance public health surveillance. 

The session additionally explored some of the challenges to standardizing EMS records collection and technical pathways to toughen quality and extend records accessibility across the healthcare ecosystem. 


Emergency scientific products and services – which will seemingly be regulated in large fragment by the U.S. Department of Transportation, with room for modification from particular person states – are the frontline make stronger for position-primarily primarily based care and as such are a key accomplice for healthcare interoperability.

At HIMSS24, Erica Mattib, senior analyst at the College of Michigan’s Middle for Neatly being and Analysis Transformation, and Joshua Legler, an EMS records consultant for the Nationwide Emergency Scientific Services and products Records System’s Technical Assistance Middle, emphasized the trip of these healthcare clinicians and their foremost need for healthcare records alternate in the field.

“Comely records is in actuality foremost for them with the diagram to precisely recent info about your condition to the relaxation of your healthcare crew and care for you in the field,” acknowledged Mattib, as she described the label that more widely veteran EMS records might well well additionally bring to healthcare transport. 

Moreover to suppose-time recordsdata, that records can offer visibility into sufferers’ social determinants of health that is often richer than sure/no affected person responses to SDOH questionnaires, she acknowledged. 

Legler – who has been helping NEMSIS with inspecting how interoperability between EMS and the relaxation of healthcare is seemingly to be improved – acknowledged that the group has a in point of fact veteran records dictionary, an XML-primarily primarily based records now not recent that uses XFD mark-up language and validates records with Schematron – a rule-primarily primarily based language that surfaces records within a doc. 

NEMSIS records standards and protocols are veteran across the nation by EMS yarn methods that undergo compliance attempting out.

Legler acknowledged about 30 software vendors alternate records with every other and to teach databases, and in the fracture, to a national EMS database that amasses approximately 50 million EMS bump into recordsdata per 365 days. 

“So, [it’s] a mammoth ecosystem within EMS,” he acknowledged. “What we comprise now to abolish is scrutinize at how EMS interrelates with the relaxation of healthcare.”

Legler acknowledged he analyzed USCDI Model 2, which had 114 substances, and in contrast it to the NEMSIS, which had 441 substances that is seemingly to be collected in an EMS bump into. In USCDI, he stumbled on 51 records substances that correlated with 77 NEMSIS records substances, and stumbled on 29 substances “that had alternatives for enchancment.” 

To bring them into bigger harmonization, he made 5 recommendations for USCDI and 17 for NEMSIS, he acknowledged.

Mattib described how EMS records will also be salvage out about-opening for SDOH measures in her trip as a public health nurse and in her work with the Michigan Neatly being Records Network Shared Services and products. 

“Often, EMS clinicians are the first level of contact for of us with emerging healthcare needs,” she acknowledged, noting that community paramedics succor sufferers who primarily access the healthcare system by nontraditional pathways.

When they bump into the affected person where they are, EMS clinicians comprise a front-row seat to that affected person’s conditions and can assess their SDOH determinants.

As an instance, a affected person might well well additionally simply reply sure when asked if “they comprise housing” when searching out for care at a brick-and-mortar position, nevertheless when a paramedic arrives at their position when known as, “they can record simply away this person is couch browsing,” acknowledged Mattib. 

“Per chance they gaze the same affected person three or four cases this month, and at any time when it is in a peculiar position,” she persevered. “And even the home they’re staying in has fully no water. Neatly, that is now not in actuality housing, is it?”

Mattib acknowledged Michigan at the second collects all EMS company-stage records by that repository in proper-time, and is working to link teach-stage program records – Medicaid records, sanatorium records and other kinds of claims and enrollment records – within the Michigan Department of Neatly being and Human Services and products. 

The closing goal is “that EMS sufferers would be ready to be matched to the teach of Michigan grasp person index,” she acknowledged, noting that there are some challenges to work by to get affected person matching simpler for EMS agencies, reminiscent of when they reply a call that ends in a single bump into with a couple of sufferers.

“And in step with particular principles, [admit, discharge and transfer] messages will also be sent support and placed in the e-consequence field of the yarn,” Mattib acknowledged. In sending ADT match notifications support to EMS agencies, “those outcomes recordsdata can toughen care quality by EMS.” 

Whereas bidirectional records alternate development with MiHIN is peaceable ongoing, the Middle for Neatly being and Analysis Transformation is piloting technical changes to the teach’s EMS recordsdata and building out sources to translate EMS records, including social needs screening records, she acknowledged.

 “We created a technical development to send this recordsdata into our records repository utilizing that very same bi-directional task.”

The NEMSIS Technical Middle is additionally pondering how to join EMS records to networks love the Depended on Alternate Framework and Fashioned Settlement’s, and one thought is a development enabling teach EMS offices to turn into network individuals. Another possibility is mobilizing DOT to be the pipeline to alternate. 

Meanwhile, the center encourages EMS organizations to take part in national records networks rather than get level-to-level connections between EMS affected person recordsdata and a health system’s or sanatorium’s digital health recordsdata.

Also, “we’re encouraging EMS software vendors to discover fascinated by issues love HIE connectathons and other events where they will also be face-to-face, aspect-by-aspect with developers of other records methods,” Legler acknowledged.

The NEMSIS EMS interoperability task pressure has been assembly over the previous 365 days to work by records alignment with NEMSIS across the healthcare ecosystem, he steered the HIMSS24 attendees in closing, and pointing them to the web location acknowledged, “we would fancy participation, particularly from the non-EMS aspect.” 


When EMS has been ready to access health recordsdata by teach exchanges, it is made a mammoth incompatibility in affected person care. 

Eight years ago, as an illustration, ahead of HIMSS16, Richard Lewis, now staffing chief of the Denver-location South Metro Fire Rescue Authority in Elizabeth, Colorado, steered Healthcare IT Data that becoming a member of the Colorado Regional Neatly being Records Group, offered first responders with excessive records that improved emergency remedy and affected person care.

“Our whole goal is to get that one continuum of care,” Lewis acknowledged at the time. “Because as rapidly as we are able to push recordsdata into [CORHIO], we are able to tug recordsdata from it.”

Meanwhile, Jonathon Feit, CEO of Previous Lucid Technologies, who spoke at the HIMSS AI Forum in San Diego in December, acknowledged his company is taking a scrutinize to synthetic intelligence to present EMS and fireplace products and services with more whole affected person records.

AI will also be leveraged to all of sudden sprint healthcare recordsdata methods and records objects and provides EMS a bigger degree of situational awareness. Regardless of EHRs, person-offered records and other sources of affected person recordsdata, “so shrimp of that makes it into the hands of the [clinician] that is usually transferring the affected person,” he acknowledged.


“There’s no other location of healthcare where this stage of recordsdata is on hand at the community stage, and it is a extremely fairly untapped source of health and social needs records, ” Mattib acknowledged.

Andrea Fox is senior editor of Healthcare IT Data.
Electronic mail: afox@himss.org

Healthcare IT Data is a HIMSS Media newsletter.

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